Macbook Shuts Down By Its Own

The problem of Macbook shutting down by itself mostly occurs in older models. This usually occurs in devices that are left neglected.

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Author Andronova 13 Minimum Reading

The Macbook shutting down by itself error occurs from time to time due to hardware and sometimes software problems.

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Apple Mac computers are known for their reliability and durability, but over time, like any electronic device, they can experience wear and tear. These types of issues can cause your Mac to shut down randomly or unintentionally. In this article, we will look at the possible factors that cause your Mac to randomly shut down and the various workarounds you can use to fix this problem.

Before the procedures;

  • Fan cleaning and general cleaning need to be done on the Mac.
  • Try it by plugging it in and running it on battery.
  • Shutdowns due to overheating or overheating need to be examined. These need to be considered separately.
  • Make a backup of any data you consider important in case you have to install from scratch.

Factors That May Cause Macbook Random Shutdown Problem:

  1. Hardware Problems: There may be a problem with the hardware components of your computer. Hardware issues, especially overheating, power supply issues, RAM errors, or hard drive problems, can cause your Mac to shut down randomly.
  2. Overheating: If your Mac is overheating, this can lead to random shutdowns. Causes of overheating may include dust accumulation, cooling system problems, or heavy processing load.
  3. Battery Issues: Battery issues with Mac laptops can cause random shutdowns. An old or damaged battery, in particular, can cause the computer to shut down unexpectedly.
  4. Software Issues: Software issues with the operating system or applications can affect the stability of your Mac and lead to random shutdowns.
  5. Power Supply Problems: If the power source (charger or outlet) you are connected to is problematic, this may cause your computer to shut down unexpectedly.
  6. Graphics Card Issues: Problems with graphics cards or drivers can cause on-screen display issues, which can lead to random shutdowns.

Ways to Fix Mac Random Shutting Down Problem:

  1. Check for System Updates: Make sure you have installed the latest updates for your operating system and applications. Updates often contain fixes that fix stability issues.
  2. Check the Temperature: If your Mac is experiencing overheating issues, take precautions such as cleaning the cooling system or placing your laptop on a flat surface to allow better air circulation.
  3. Run Hardware Tests: Run hardware tests using Apple's own hardware diagnostic tool or third-party apps to check your Mac's hardware components.
  4. Replace Power Supply: If the power supply is problematic, replace the power supply using an original Apple charger or outlet.
  5. Backup and Reset: Back up your data and reset your Mac. This can be helpful in troubleshooting software problems and resetting your computer with a clean start.
  6. Get Professional Support: If the problem persists or you think there are hardware issues, seek professional help from an Apple Authorized Service Center or technical support service.

Macbook Shuts Down By Its Own Continue Solution:

1. Overheating: Overheating of your Mac can cause random shutdowns. This is most often caused by processor overload, dust accumulation, or cooling system problems. To troubleshoot heating issues, place your computer on a flat surface, clean dust regularly, and check applications that create excessive processor load.

2. Battery Problems: Especially with laptop Macs, an old or faulty battery can cause the computer to shut down randomly. Check battery health and replace as necessary.

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3. Third Party Kernel Extensions: Third party kernel extensions may affect system stability. You can fix the problem by disabling or removing these extensions.

4. Disk Problems on Your Bootable Drive: Disk errors or file system problems on your bootable drive can also lead to random shutdowns. Check disk health using disk utilities and perform repairs if necessary.

5. Corrupt SMC/NVRAM Data: SMC (System Management Controller) and NVRAM (Non-Volatile RAM) data are important for the proper functioning of your Mac. Corrupt SMC or NVRAM data can cause random shutdown issues. Try to fix the problem by resetting this data.

6. Virus and Malware Attacks: Mac computers are generally less threatened by viruses and malware, but these types of attacks still exist. Scan your system and remove malware using an up-to-date antivirus program.

7. Outdated Operating System: An outdated operating system can cause stability issues due to outdated drivers and incompatible software. Update your operating system to the latest version and make sure all software and drivers are up to date.

Checking the Shutdown Event Prompt in Terminal

To fix the random shutdown issue on your Mac, it is important to identify the reasons for the shutdown. macOS gives you access to this information, and you can check for these causes via Terminal with these steps:

On Intel Macs:

  1. Restart your Mac.
  2. Once the startup process is complete, press and hold Command + R. This will help you boot into Recovery Mode.
  3. Release the keys when the Apple logo appears.
  4. Then go to “Utilities” from the menu bar and select “Terminal.”
  5. When the terminal window opens, enter the following command:

log show --predicate 'eventMessage contains "Previous shutdown cause"' --last 48h

This command will return the reasons why your Mac has shut down in the last 48 hours. The reasons are indicated by error codes. By checking these codes, you can determine which issue is causing your Mac to shut down randomly.

You can check the error codes and search for solutions after identifying your problem. For example, if a particular code indicates that it is due to overheating, you can take measures to better cool your Mac. This information will help you troubleshoot your problem more effectively.

Note: You must perform the process carefully and enter the commands given in Terminal correctly. You must work carefully to avoid making mistakes. Also, this method only works for Intel-based Macs, and newer Macs with M1 chips may require a different approach.

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Macbook shuts down by itself error

Keep Mac in an Open, Airy Environment

To fix your Mac's random shutdown problem, try to determine the cause of the problem by examining the factors above. If you think the problem is complex or hardware related, you should consider seeking professional help from Apple Support or an authorized service center. While most problems are software or configuration related, some may be caused by hardware issues and may require expert help to fix such problems. Don't forget to perform system maintenance regularly to keep your Mac running smoothly.

Advantages of Placing Your Mac in a Well-Ventilated Environment:

  1. Dissipating Heat: Mac computers generate heat during the operation of the processor, graphics card, and other components. A well-ventilated environment helps dissipate this heat and keeps your computer cool.
  2. System Stability: Ensuring your Mac runs at the temperature it needs to be cooled at increases system stability. Overheating can cause problems such as random shutdowns.
  3. Hardware Life: Excessive temperature can shorten the life of computer components. A well-ventilated environment helps your equipment last longer.

Ways to Use Your Mac in a Well-Ventilated Environment:

  1. A Flat Surface: When using your Mac, be sure to place it on a flat, stable surface. Soft surfaces can block airflow under the computer.
  2. Fans and Vents: Your Mac has fans and vents. Be careful not to block the area around these areas. It is important that the fans can operate easily and the air can circulate.
  3. Cooling Pads: Especially for laptop Macs, you can elevate the bottom of your computer and provide better air circulation by using cooling pads.
  4. Room Temperature: Consider the room temperature you are in when using your Mac. High temperatures may cause your computer to overheat. Ideally, you should use your Mac in an environment where the temperature is not too high.
  5. Dust Cleaning: Dust accumulation can obstruct air flow. Regularly cleaning your Mac of dust can improve its performance and cooling.

Using your Mac in a well-ventilated environment is important to ensure a smooth experience and prevent random shutdown issues. To maintain the health and longevity of your computer, paying attention to these recommendations will help you get the best performance from your Mac.

Manage Battery Health

MacBook users understand the importance of battery health management. Battery problems can cause random system shutdowns as well as negatively impact the overall user experience. Misuse or overheating of the battery may result in a shortened battery life. Therefore, managing battery health can keep your MacBook running efficiently for longer.

Steps to Manage Battery Health:

  1. Manage Battery Regulatory: macOS offers an automatic battery regulation feature to maintain battery health. This feature optimizes the charging frequency and charge level of the battery. The system usually keeps your battery around 90%. This helps protect the battery from overcharging or overdischarging.
  2. Check Battery Statistics: Check your MacBook's battery statistics regularly. You can access System Preferences > Energy Saver or Battery by clicking the battery icon. These statistics provide information about battery health, helping you get an idea of ​​the battery's condition.
  3. Avoid High Temperatures: Avoid exposing your MacBook to high temperature for long periods of time to prevent the battery from overheating. You may want to consider using a cooling pad to protect your battery when working in a hot environment.
  4. Charge Infrequently: Remember to charge your battery occasionally instead of infrequently. Instead of completely draining your battery for long periods of time, try to keep it between 20% and 80%.
  5. Optimize with Battery Tracking: You can optimize your battery with battery tracking in your MacBook's system settings. This is important to check your battery health and make the best use of your battery.

Adjusting System Settings to Manage Battery Health:

  1. Open Finder.
  2. Then go to “Apple” > “System Preferences” from the menu bar.
  3. Click on the “Battery” option in the window that opens.
  4. Check “Manage Battery Life” from the sidebar.

These settings are important to maintain battery health and optimize battery life. This way, you can help your MacBook's battery last longer. Battery health management helps prevent random shutdown issues and improve your computer's long-term performance.

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Macbook shuts down by itself problem

Mac Secure Boot

Mac users may experience problems from time to time due to third-party applications and drivers interfering with their systems. To recognize and fix such problems, booting your Mac in safe mode may help. Safe mode starts your Mac using only the core components provided by Apple, which can help prevent third-party apps and extensions from interfering with the system.

How to Start Safe Mode on Intel Macs:

  1. Turn off your Mac.
  2. Then press the power button and start your Mac.
  3. Once the startup process starts, immediately start holding down the “Shift” key.
  4. You can release the “Shift” key when the login window appears.
  5. This way, you can log in to safe mode.

How to Start Safe Mode on Apple Silicon Macs:

  1. Turn off your Mac.
  2. Press and hold the power button and start your Mac.
  3. Press and hold the power button until you reach the “Options” window.
  4. In the “Options” window, select your bootable drive.
  5. Then hold down the “Shift” key and select the “Continue in Safe Mode” option.

Use your computer in safe mode for a while and check if the random shutdown problem disappears. If the problem is resolved in safe mode, third-party applications or extensions are probably interfering with your system.

After exiting safe mode, you can follow these steps to identify conflicting third-party apps or extensions:

  1. Start your computer normally.
  2. Press “Command + Space” to open Spotlight.
  3. Open the “Terminal” application.
  4. Enter the following command in the terminal window: kextstat

This command will return a list of all kernel extensions on your operating system. In this list, any extension that does not start with “com.apple.*” is a third-party extension. Follow these extensions and remove them from your system.

Finally, if there is an update, make it, otherwise, start the installation from scratch.

Next: Macbook Recovery Mode Won't Turn On

Macbook shuts down by itself
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Examining the Macbook software part 8
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